EWS Certificate: Income and Asset Certificate for Government Job Applications and Admissions | 10% Reservation

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EWS Certificate

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EWS Certificate

Indian citizens are classified as members of the Economy Based Un-Reserved Category, or EWS, which stands for Economically Weaker Section. The annual income of an EWS household or citizen falls below the imposed cap set by the government.

The government gives an EWS certificate that enables EWS individuals to access a range of benefits depending on the economic fragility of this segment of society. Continue reading to learn more about the EWS certificate, requirements for eligibility, required documentation, application processes, and many other specifics.

What is the EWS Certificate?

Indian nationals who fall within the Economically Weaker Section are given EWS Certificates, which allow them to take advantage of 10% reservations in government jobs and higher education.

The EWS law of 2019 was approved by the Indian government on January 12, 2019, and it was first implemented on January 14, 2019, by the Gujarat government. EWS certificates, which must be presented upon admittance or when applying for government jobs, are income or asset certificates that the government issues to EWS people.

Note: Candidates under EWS category are not eligible for the reservation schemes under SC, ST, and OBC category.

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Highlights of EWS Certificate

The following are some of the key highlights of EWS certificate:

  • Parameters Details
  • Certificate EWS certificate
  • Name of the law Economic Weaker Section Bill
  • Name of Service Portal National Government Service Portal
  • Website services.india.gov.in
  • Department Revenue
  • Application mode Online and offline
  • Certificate renewal One year

Objectives of EWS Bill

The following are the objectives of EWS Bill:

  • Provide opportunities to the deprived individuals
  • Provides 10% reservation facility to the economically backward applicants of the General category
  • The government provides reservation based on income

Note: Other castes are exempted from availing this facility

Benefits of EWS Certificate

Here are the benefits of the EWS certificate:

  • Helps those individuals under General category who are financially weak
  • Enables applicants to avail benefits on education field and government schemes
  • The EWS reservation of 10% is applicable for all major universities under UGC
  • Applicants can avail State and Central government subsidy schemes using EWS certificate

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EWS Reservation Eligibility – Who is Eligible for EWS Certificate?

The 103rd Amendment Act, 2019, which provided a 10% reservation in education and government positions in India for a segment of the General category candidates, was affirmed by the Supreme Court of India on November 7, 2022. A 3:2 majority of the Supreme Court’s constitutional bench maintained the judgement.

In January 2019, the Indian Parliament revised the Constitution to include a 10% general category candidate reservation in government posts and education. A challenge to the amendment was made, casting doubt on the constitutionality of economic reservations.
Learn everything there is to know about the EWS quota, the EWS certificate, who qualifies for it, how to apply for it on the UPSC exam application, etc.

Who are the Issuing Authorities of EWS Certificate?

Various authorities in each state will issue and verify the EWS/Income and Asset Certificate. The application form format required by the Indian government will be the same nationwide, regardless of the varied authorities. The following authorities are in charge of examining the certificate:

The following are the issuing authorities of EWS certificates:

  • One of the issuing authorities:
  • District Magistrate
  • Additional Deputy Commissioner
  • Sub-Divisional Magistrate
  • Additional District Magistrate
  • Deputy Commissioner
  • Collector
  • Taluka Magistrate
  • Executive Magistrate
  • Extra Assistant Commissioner
  • First Class Stipendiary Magistrate
  • One of the following authorities:
  • Presidency Magistrate
  • Chief Presidency Magistrate
  • Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate
  • District revenue office

Note: Officers below the rank of Tehsildar and Sub-Divisional Officer are not eligible to provide EWS certificate to the beneficiaries.

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EWS Certificate – Who is eligible to claim EWS Quota?

The government has laid down certain eligibility conditions for candidates to be able to claim reservations under this new category. EWS full form is ‘Economically Weaker Section’.
To be eligible for the EWS certificate, you will have to satisfy all the conditions mentioned below:

  • You should be a ‘general’ candidate (not covered under reservation for SC, ST or OBC).
  • Your family’s gross annual income should be below Rs. 8 lakhs. This includes income from all sources such as agriculture, salary, business, etc. for the financial year before you apply for the exam.
  • Your family should not own agricultural land of size 5 acres or more.
  • Your family should not own a residential flat of area 1000 square feet or more.
  • Your family should not own a residential plot (in notified municipalities) of an area 100 square yards or more.
  • Your family should not own a residential plot (other than in notified municipalities) of area 200 square yards or more.

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What is ‘Family’ according to the EWS Reservation rules?

For this reservation, ‘family’ includes the following:

  • The person seeking the reservation.
  • His/her parents.
  • His/her siblings below the age of 18 years.
  • His/her spouse and children below the age of 18 years.

The land or property owned by the family in different locations should be clubbed while checking the eligibility conditions for EWS reservations.

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How do I apply for EWS reservations?

Your local government authority (Tehsil) is where you can obtain the EWS certificate. The proof needed to use the EWS reservation is a certificate known as a “Income and Assets Certificate.”

The government doesn’t recommend any online procedures for obtaining an EWS certificate. You must visit your neighbourhood Tehsil or another local government agency. Along with the Income and Assets Certificate (which can be downloaded from numerous government websites), you will also need other documents like an Aadhar card, a Pan card, bank statements, a passport-size photo, etc. The certificate appears as follows:

Your paperwork will be checked by the relevant government official, who will then provide your EWS certificate. The following authorities’ certificates are the only ones that will be accepted as proof that a candidate falls under the EWS category:

  • District Magistrate/Additional District Magistrate/Collector/Deputy Commissioner/Additional Deputy Commissioner/1st Class Stipendary Magistrate/ Sub-Divisional Magistrate/Taluka Magistrate/Executive Magistrate/Extra Assistant Commissioner
  • Chief Presidency Magistrate/Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate/ Presidency Magistrate
  • Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tehsildar and
  • Sub-Divisional Officer of the area where the candidate and his family normally resides.

Documents Required to Apply for EWS Certificate

The following are the essential documents that are required to apply for EWS certificate:

The list of documents varies from state to state so applicants are advised to keep frequently the official website to get latest updates about the EWS Certificate Application.

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How to Fill out the EWS Certificate?

EWS certificate applicants can fill out applications both through online and offline mode depending upon the policy of the state government.

Online Method

  • Visit the official website of the state who are accepting application forms via online medium.
  • After arriving on the home page of the portal, search for ‘Income Certificate’ and after receiving success in locating it select it and a new web page will get open.
  • Enter the specific details asked on the registration form and once they are completed tap on the ‘Submit’ option.
  • You will get a provisional application number/registration number on your contact number.
  • Enter that login credentials and the application will be visible in front of your eyes.
  • Fill up the empty boxes given inside the application form with the particulars asked.
  • Now upload the scanned files of the documents in a precise format specified by the government.
  • It’s the candidate’s responsibility to upload legitimate documents duly signed by the authorities of the Indian government.
  • After entering the details and uploading of documents, pay the application fee through Internet Banking, Credit Card/Debit Card, BHIM UPI and many more.
  • It’s compulsory for the applicant to pay the fee if they tried to skip the payment step then their application form will not be accepted.
  • Finish the online method by downloading the application & e-fee receipt on your device or takeout its printout along with multiple photocopies to avoid future mishappenings.
  • Receipt will be generated online after payment is done successfully.

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Offline Mode

The following are the steps to apply for EWS certificate offline:

  • Visit the revenue department or the issuing authority’s office in your region
  • Get the application form or download it online
  • Fill in the required details as mentioned in the form
  • Make the payment to receive the application receipt

Application Fee

Candidates must pay a nominal application fee when submitting an application for an EWS certificate. The application fee will not be the same in all Indian states because that would depend on the State Revenue department’s decision, which is a simple statement.

A charge must be paid by the applicant either online or offline (Net Banking, Card, BHIM UPI, Cash, Cheque, Demand Draft). We do not currently have any information about the application fee in detail, but if we do, we will update this page.

EWS Certificate Validity

Some important pointers about the EWS Certificate validity are shared with you so go through them carefully:

  • To enjoy the lifetime benefit of the certificate, the applicants are supposed to renew and update it within a given time period.
  • The official validity of the EWS/Income & Asset certificate is one year.
  • However, the time period in which the certificate should be updated in every six months for some states.
  • For some states, the online facility to renew their EWS certificate will be provided by their state government which will decrease the wastage of time and travel expenses.
  • For offline renewal, candidates have to visit the same Common Service Centre (CSC) from where they applied for their respective EWS certificates.

Candidates can go through the following table to apply for the EWS/Income & Asset Certificate or check the status of the application form submitted online. The complete information regarding EWS Certificate Application will also be available on the state portal:

How to Check EWS Certificate Status?

Applicants can check their EWS certificate application status online by clicking on the respective state-wise links. The following are the official portal for checking the application status of EWS certificate:

State Portal name 
Andhra Pradesh meeseva app 
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal eServices portal 
Assam Assam state portal 
Bihar RTPS portal 
Chandigarh e-district portal 
Chhattisgarh e-district portal 
Delhi e-district portal 
Gujarat Digital Gujarat portal 
Haryana e-Disha portal 
Himachal Pradesh Himachal Online Seva 
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir State e-Services 
Jharkhand Jharkhand e-District   
Madhya Pradesh MP e-District portal 
Maharashtra Aaple Sarkar portal   
Manipur e-District portal   
Meghalaya e-District portal   
Mizoram e-District portal   
Nagaland e-District portal   
Odisha e-District portal   
Punjab State portal of Punjab 
Rajasthan e-Mitra portal   
Sikkim e-Services 
Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu e-Sevai 
Telangana MeeSeva portal 
Tripura e-District portal 
Uttarakhand e-District portal 
Uttar Pradesh e-Saathi web portal 
West Bengal West Bengal e-District 

Difference between EWS and OBC reservations

The OBC reserves are for the Other Backward Classes section’s non-creamy layer. A 27% reservation is made for them. The EWS is for members of the ‘General’ classes (not included in OBC, SC, or ST) whose household income is less than Rs. 8 lakhs. A 10% seat reservation is made for them.

The EWS applicants will have a different (lower) cut-off than the OBC, SC, and ST candidates. There is no further modification of the maximum age for application and the number of attempts, nevertheless.

Another distinction between EWS and OBC reservations is that when calculating the family income for reservations, the income of the spouse is excluded for OBC candidates. It is, however, taken into account when making an EWS reservation.


In conclusion, the EWS (Economically Weaker Section) Certificate has developed into a crucial certification for people who belong to society’s economically disadvantaged groups. The certificate is used to certify income and assets, and it is necessary for entrance to educational institutions as well as applications for government jobs.

The EWS Certificate is a tool for giving people from economically underprivileged families equitable chances. It enables them to compete fairly against candidates who could come from more privileged homes. This accreditation aids in identifying those who require guidance and support to reach their objectives.

However, acquiring the EWS Certificate can be difficult and calls for the submission of numerous documents as well as evidence of income and assets. Furthermore, there are instances where people who do not come from the economically disadvantaged groups receive the certificate by giving fraudulent information. This makes it difficult for authorities to spot and stop certificate misuse.

Overall, the EWS Certificate is an essential certification for ensuring that people from economically disadvantaged groups of society have equal opportunities and access to both education and employment. To make sure that the certification process serves its intended function, it must be streamlined and misuse must be avoided.

FAQs on EWS Certificate

What is the full form of EWS Certificate?

The full form of EWS is Economic Weaker Section, it is related to Category Reservation.

What are the EWS certificate application fees?

The registration amount varies depending upon the state and the cost of EWS certificate ranges between Rs.10 to Rs.50 along with court stamp fee of Rs.2.

What is the validity of EWS certificate?

The EWS certificate is generally valid for one year from the date of issuance and depends upon the designated authority of the state issuing the certificate. Candidates must also check the validity of their asset or income certificate before using their EWS certificate.

Can I recover the lost or forgotten password?

Yes, you can recover the lost or forgotten password by clicking on the official portal. Candidates need to click on the ‘Forgotten password’ option and will have to enter the user ID, password, and captcha. Click on ‘Get OTP’ option to receive the OTP and enter it along with the new password to reset your password.

What is the procedure to unlock the user?

Visit the official portal and click on the ‘Unlock user’ option. Enter the User ID and captcha and click on ‘Get details’ option to unlock the user.

What is the EWS certificate application processing time?

It takes a maximum time of 21 days from the date of submission of application to process the EWS certificate application.

Will I be considered in quota, if I score marks equivalent to the general category?

No, if you score equivalent marks as general category then you will not be considered as GEN-EWS.

Can I also use MNREGA Job card for availing the EWS Certificate?

Yes, you can also use the MNREGA job card to avail yourself of the EWS certificate as this is also considered as one of the significant identity proofs for income verification.

Is EWS cutoff lower than general category?

The cutoff for the EWS category is lower than the general category and hence, EWS candidate will be given chance even if the general category student scores more marks than EWS candidate.

Will candidates under EWS get other relaxations in age and the number of attempts?

No, EWS candidates will only get the 10% quota in seats. Other eligibility conditions of the IAS exam such as age limit and the number of attempts shall remain the same as for any ‘general’ candidate.

EWS Reservation Eligibility – Is the criteria uniform across all states in India?

Even though the Central Government brought the EWS criterion, states can have their cut-offs for income. However, for the UPSC 2023 and other central government jobs, the cut-offs prescribed by the Centre will be valid.

Who comes under EWS reservation?

Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in India is a subcategory of people belonging to the Economy Based Un-Reserved Category having an annual family income less than ₹8 lakh and who do not belong to any category such as SC/ST/OBC across India, nor to MBC in Tamil Nadu.

How many seats are reserved for EWS category?

Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) Reservation. The government has introduced a 10% EWS reservation for general category candidates.

Is EWS reservation only for general category?

Yes, EWS quota is only for general category.

What are the benefits of EWS quota?

The EWS bill supports by increasing employment opportunities and benefits by providing 10 % reservation for an appointment in educational institutions. Further, the reservation also applies to civil posts and civil services, if the individual receives income below the stipulated threshold.

How do I claim EWS quota?

The benefit of reservation under EWS can be availed upon production of an Income and Asset Certificate issued by a Competent Authority. The Income and Asset Certificate issued by the authorities in the prescribed format shall only be accepted as proof of candidate’s claim as belonging to EWS.

Can EWS take the general seat in UPSC ?

No, the EWS candidate, other than those recommended on General Merit, shall not be allowed to change their category from EWS to Unreserved/General or claim the vacancies (Service/Cadre) for Unreserved/General category after the declaration of final result by the UPSC.